why supercomputer never has its own true consciousness. This will not happen even in the nearest future. Today we talk about why computers never have real consciousness?
Many advanced artificial intelligence projects now say they are working to build a conscious machine based on the idea that brain functions are simply encoding and processing multi-sensory information.
The assumption is that once human brain functions are properly understood, it is possible to program them into computers. Microsoft recently announced that it will spend $ 1 billion to achieve this goal.
The Computer Self-Consciousness Project by Microsoft
However, so far, attempts to build supercomputer brains have not been reached. The billion-dollar European project launched in 2013 is now largely considered a failure. That effort has turned into a less ambitious project that looks more like the United States, developing new software tools for researchers to study brain data instead of simulating the brain.
Although, some researchers still insist that computer simulation of neuroscience is a viable method. Others believe that these efforts are doomed to failure because we believe that consciousness cannot be calculated.
Reasons why Supercomputer never has its own True Consciousness
Our basic argument is that the brain integrates and compresses multiple components of an experience, including vision and smell. These parts simply cannot be processed like today’s computers perceive, process and store data.
For the most part, the brain doesn’t work like a computer. Organisms store experience in the brain by adapting to neural connections in the process of activity between the subject and the environment. In contrast, computers record data in the form of short-term and long-term memory blocks. This difference means that the way the brain processes information is necessarily different from the way computers work.
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Point of View 2
Secondly, our brains actively explore the environment to find elements that guide one or the other’s behavior. Perception is not directly related to sensory data. In other words, a person can identify a table from many different perspectives without having to consciously interpret the data, and then ask if its memory can create this pattern by identifying different perspectives on an item earlier.
Reason 3 on Why a Computer Lacks True Consciousness
Another view is that the most common memory tasks are related to multiple regions of the brain, some of which are quite large.
Skills learning and expertise involve reorganization and physical change. For example, changing the strength of connections between neurons. These transformations cannot be fully replicated on computers with a fixed architecture.
In addition, A self-conscious person knows what he is thinking and has the ability to stop thinking about one thing and start thinking about another. No matter where they were in the original thinking. But these are impossible for computers.
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Alan Turing’s Theory on “Stop Check Process”
More than 80 years ago, the pioneering British computer scientist Alan Turing proved that there is no way to prove that any particular computer program can stop by itself, and this ability is the core of consciousness.
His argument is based on a logical trick in which he creates an inherent contradiction: imagine that there is a general process that can decide whether any procedural analysis will stop. The output of this process is either “yes, it will stop” or “no, it will not stop”. This is simple.
But then, Turing imagined that a cunning engineer wrote a program that included a stop check process, with one key element: if the stop checker’s answer is “yes, it will stop”, then the program will continue
Sadly, running the stop check process on this new program will inevitably make the stop checker go wrong. If it determines that the program will stop, the program’s instructions will tell it not to stop. On the other hand, if the stop checker determines that the program will not stop, the program’s instructions will immediately stop everything. This does not make any sense in theory.
In the end, Turing also came to the conclusion that it is impossible to analyze a program and be completely sure that it can stop. Therefore, it is impossible to be certain that any computer can imitate a system that can explicitly stop its mind and switch to another mind. However, the certainty of this ability is an inherent part of consciousness.
Erwin Schrodinger Observation on Consciousness
Even before Turing’s work, German quantum physicists had shown that the nature of physical events and observers’ conscious understanding of physical events were very different. This was explained by Austrian physicist Erwin Schrödinger as that consciousness cannot come from a physical process, just like a computer, which would reduce all operations to basic logical arguments.
These ideas have also been confirmed by medical research that the unique structure of consciousness is not specifically addressed in the brain.
By contrast, functional magnetic resonance imaging shows that different cognitive tasks occur in different regions of the brain.
Semir Zek’s Contribution
Among them, neuroscientist Semir Zek said: Consciousness is not a whole. On the contrary, there are many consciousnesses distributed in time and space.
This infinite brain capacity is not the kind of challenge that a limited computer can handle.