I will adopt two approaches, One will be a general guide while the other will be focused on African and every other continent with hot temperature. Generally, a fully featured air conditioning system is capable of dehumidifying, blowing cool air or blown hot are into the enclosed atmosphere where it is being used.
The question that now begs for an answer is: What are the various types of A/C that we have, which one is best for my environment, home or office?. I will be giving my views based on personal experiences and research. You may actually have an A/C that is more powerful/ oversize than where it is being installed and at the same time, you may have an air conditioner that is undersize. This guide will help you to not only choose wiseely, but also be able to save some precious electric bills.
NOTE; It is paramount to get the exact capacity of the air conditionng sys for your room right. How do you do air conditioning calculations on the capacity of air conditioner for your room? This calculation is important because if done wrongly, you will end up installing an oversize or undersize equipment. An oversized air conditioner is not good as the compressor will run and stop regularly and not able to cool the room uniformly. Read the full calculation from this link
How to Discover Your Ideal Air Conditioning System
Before you can accurately assess which air conditioning system will most effectively satisfy your needs, you must first figure out what your needs are. Being familiar with your home or the area you will be conditioning is essential to selecting the best AC. To reach that level of familiarity, you should confirm the information on the following factors:
- The amount of space that needs to be air-conditioned(I already provided a calculating technique for this)
- The nature of the walls, whether external or internal
- The total heat generated by the system
- The energy efficiency of the system
- The price of the system
- Your total budget
- Whether you’re renting, owning or want a permanent cooling solution or a flexible one. If you’re renting, then installing a split system is probably not allowed – so that answers your question.
TYPES OF AIR CONDITIONERS
There are many different types of air conditioning systems available today, and each type presents its own set of positive features. Determining the best air conditioning system for your unique living situation can be somewhat tricky without the help of an HVAC professional.
Window Air Conditioner
Formally known as a “unitary” air conditioning system, a window air conditioner is a self-contained air conditioning unit, which means that it is equipped with all of the necessary components such as the condenser, compressor, expansion valve, etc. While window air conditioners are usually placed on top of the window frame, they can be placed in a properly measured hole in an exterior wall, though this is not recommended. Window air conditioners are commonly used for single rooms.
Through-the-Wall Air Conditioners
Through-the-wall air conditioners are very much like window air conditioners. Their purpose is to condition the air from within a chassis sleeve in a wall, but the design, cooling capacity, and weight differ from window air conditioners. Through-the-wall air conditioners often weigh slightly more, have higher cooling capacities than window AC units, and they can achieve a more polished appearance by being installed flush with the wall. In order to preserve their efficiency, through-the-wall units do not have venting mechanisms on both sides of the house.
Portable Air Conditioners
Another example of a unitary air conditioning system is the portable air conditioner, which consists of a mobile, self-contained air conditioning unit that is freestanding on the floor. Portable air conditioners function in a similar manner to window air conditioners. They pull in fresh air, remove the heat, and then disperse the cool air to space. The exhaust heat is then discharged through a window or hose vent. Almost all portable air conditioner includes a window kit and exhaust accessories. Portable air conditioners are capable of cooling rooms under five hundred square feet, and they work especially well when paired with central air conditioning to keep excessively warm rooms cool.
Central Air Conditioner
Central air conditioning systems are considered the superior choice for residential spaces for several reasons. Their improved technology and efficiency render central air conditioning systems the most comfortable, best performing, and quietest air conditioning options available. Central A/C systems include two different units that are connected by refrigerant tubing. The condensing unit is the large part on the exterior of the house and holds the compressor and condensing coils and fan. The evaporating unit holds the evaporator coil and expansion valve. Every central air conditioning system needs these two components to function, but every central air conditioning system also needs to be appropriately sized for your home. If your central AC is too large, it may short cycle, fail to dehumidify, and sacrifice efficiency. Determining the best size for your central air conditioning system requires the help of an HVAC professional, so always consult the most trusted air conditioning provider in your area in order to find a unit that is the perfect fit for you. Or use the link provided above to do the calculation yourself
Ductless Mini-Split System Air Conditioners
Ductless mini-split systems are not self-contained but instead consist of two parts: the outdoor unit and the indoor unit. The larger outdoor unit contains the condenser, compressor, and expansion valve, while one or more indoor units, when strategically placed, blow air to the exact rooms you want to be heated or cooled. These efficient units take up much less space and make much less noise than window units. They can be installed in any room in a variety of ways: on the wall, on the ceiling, or even on the floor using a stand-up model. All you need to use these systems is a small hole in the wall through which the insulated conduit that holds the refrigeration line can run from the outside unit to the indoor blowing systems. These independent blowing systems can be controlled separately, and therefore, ductless mini-split system air conditioners supply quiet, convenient cooling to many spaces within your home.
Packaged Terminal Air Conditioners
Packaged Terminal Air Conditioners, or PTACs, are similar to ductless split air conditioners, as they both use two distinct units connected by a tube of refrigerant. The outdoor unit of a PTAC combines the compressor, condenser, and condenser fan and is usually placed on the roof or a concrete slab near the foundation. The indoor unit handles the evaporative process with the fan, expansion valve, and evaporator coil. PTACs are considered commercial-grade AC models and are most often found in hotels and offices, but they can also be used in sunrooms and other residential spaces. Usually, they are installed through an external wall just above the floor and right under the window, and when combined with a natural gas furnace or set of heating coils, they can fill in for a separate furnace.
Floor standing air conditioning system
Floor Standing Air Conditioners. This is a floor standing type that blends in perfectly with the surrounding decor. Clean and fresh air conditioning is ensured with a high level of cooling performance and air purifying operation. This is more suited for areas or halls where many people are present all at once. It has high cooling capacity
Industrial Air conditioning system
This is the most powerful types of air conditioning and it is mostly used in big shopping malls with high roofs and factories. To put it straight, it is more efficient than floor standing and it has a higher cooling effect that the floor standing system.
Obviously, an air conditioning system is preferable to a fan. However, you must take into cognisance the fact that it comes with its attended increase in electricity bills. To get the best value from your money using an air onditioner, you must get the right size using my parameters above. Currently, as it stands, the most commonly used air conditioners are the portable and the split system. you can see their pros and cons below.
Pros and Cons of Split System and Portable Air Conditioners
If you’re still sweating over which air conditioner to buy, then consider this quick rundown on the pros and cons of each type.
|Split System AC||· More energy efficient than portable systems in relation to size· Can run in near silence
· Can handle larger spaces
· Doesn’t take up any floor space
|· Can be expensive to buy, run and install· Ongoing maintenance required
· A permanent, inflexible cooling/heating solution
· Outside condenser can be ugly and large
|Portable AC||· Often cheaper unit cost· Easy to buy, lift, transport home and round the house
· Can be stored when not in use
|· Can be heavy for their size – 20kg or more!· Can be noisy for their size
· In relation to their size, efficiency and power often lack
· Floor space is taken up