In this tutorial, you will leaen almost everything you need to know about a 3g / wifi router. You will also learn the reason why almost every individual needs a router. As long as you own an electronic device such as a computer, a smartphone, an iks / internet decoder, a game console… you need a router. I will be breaking this down into sub topics. Many people believes that only those who want to grant internet access to their decoders, or computers requires a router. Well, by the time i finish this article, you must have learnt that even a school boy needs a router as long as you own at least a mobile phone.
WHAT IS A 3G / WIFI ROUTER?
General Definition: A router is a networking device that forwards data packets between computer networks, commonly specialized hardware. This creates an overlay internetwork, as a router is connected to two or more data lines from different networks. When a data packet comes in one of the lines, the router reads the address information in the packet to determine its ultimate destination. Then, using information in its routing table or routing policy, it directs the packet to the next network on its journey. Routers perform the “traffic directing” functions on the Internet. A data packet is typically forwarded from one router to another through the networks that constitute the internetwork until it reaches its destination node.
From the above definition, it means a router those work for it self, it simply works on behalf of othe networks. It is like a middleman between two networks- the source network and the destination. e.g the 3g modem you connect to your router supplies the internet , the router convert it to a wifi connection that your decode, computer, or game console can use. Now let us proceed to thr meaning of a wifi router.
What is A Wireless Router: A wireless router is a device that performs the functions of a router but also includes the functions of a wireless access point. It is commonly used to provide access to the Internet or a computer network. It does not require a wired link, as the connection is made wirelessly, via radio waves. It can function in a wired LAN (local area network), in a wireless-only LAN (WLAN), or in a mixed wired/wireless network, depending on the manufacturer and model. examples of wifi routers are azsky G3, Tp-link routers, huawei routers, vodafone routers etc…
And of recent, we now have a 3g/ 4g router (also know as mobile broadband routers. For example, your smartphone with inbuiltwifi hotspot can serve as a good example of a mobile broadband router. However, it is not convenient using your smartphone(which serves many other more useful purposes)as a router, hence the need for a dedicated mobile broadband routers.
What is a 3G/4G router(Mobile Broadband Router): A stationary device that converts cellular signals (3G, 4G, LTE) to Wi-Fi and vice versa. It creates a local Wi-Fi hotspot to provide access to the Internet as an alternative to cable, DSL and other wired services that are either not available in the location or are more costly. All laptops and tablets, which have Wi-Fi built in, as well as all desktop computers with Wi-Fi adapters, can share the hotspot for Internet access.
A mobile broadband router is typically a stationary device; however, portable cellular hotspots may be branded by their vendors as mobile broadband routers as well.
Instead of plugging the carrier’s cellular modem (air card or 3g modem) into one laptop, it is plugged into the mobile broadband router, which turns the service into a hotspot. examples of modern mobile broadband routers are hame 3G wifi router, T1 WIFI ROUTER + POWER BANK + CLOUD STORAGE, M1 wifi router + power bank + 3g dongle and so on.
WHO CAN USE A ROUTER?
Many people can use a router, especially a modern day mobile router. I will itemize those who can use a router, before then, to use a router, you need at least an electronic devive that can use either a Lan / Ethernet port or a wifi capability. In other words, if you have a decoder, a smart phone with wifi network, a game console like play station, xbox, nvidia shield, nitendo … or a computer. Then no matter your income, your level of exposure or your educational background, a router will make your online experience better. One outstanding thing is that modern routers, now comes with a power bank capability meaning when your battery is dead or about to die, you can easily recharge your mobile phones battery with your router. Now to who can use router / router combos specifically.
- Hard core gamers; If you own a mobile gaming console like psp(play station portable) or nvidia shield, or your game ready iPhone, or your android phone loaded with a lot of games, for you to keep your charge or to recharge your device in other to enjoy a seamless gaming experience, you need a router combo like T1, M1 or at worst hame. those routers mentioned above will supply both internet access as well as battery charging capabilities to your device.
- A nuclear or Extended Family: You can easily buy one large data bundle, load it inside an independent sim card and place it inside your router. You can then create a password for it and give it to your families they can all be in their comfort zone and enjoy internet browsing. that way you can keep things in check especially among your kids.
- Travelers: It doesn’t matter if you a a business traveler or a tourist freak, as long as you have casue to leave the environment where you will have easy acess to a wall socket to charge your phone, you need a router combo(mind you, a router combo has a power bank functionality).
- Hardcore Internet Surfer(Just Like Me): Each and everyone of us has it internet needs. Mine is to download software, conduct research do very light chatting and update my site. Others are mainly to send emails, others especially women love nothing but chatting and downloading music. which ever category you fall into, you need a router combo to keep you charged up
- Businessmen /women; If you receive endless calls and you attend different conferences of seminars, you may have little time to connect your phone to the mains and charge. what you neeed is internet on the go and charging on-the-go only a router, can give you that.
- If you stay in a location where there is generally poor Network signal on all available ISP: Imagine, whenever i use an airtel sim for my internet needs with my router, i will need to place my router in an extreme corner in the room, while my electronics remain positioned in the living room. It is not my wish to place my router that far away, but the only area where i can receive a strong 3g airtel network is in my room.
- Office, Hotels and Companies: You can buy and use powerful routers such as TP-Link, T1 etc.. to network connections wirelessy or through lan cables in your Hotels, Offices or Companies
IMPORTANCE OF ROUTERS
The usefulness of routers as well as its importance are interwoven to a large degree. How ever, there are slight differences as impotence can be dubbed advantages.
- Convenience; well this cannot be over-emphasized. A router can give you access to wireless internet connection with its inherent convenience over wired connection. secondly you can easily carry your router about. In fact hame is not as big as a techno phone.
- Cost effectiveness: Especially in Africa where data bundle subscription is very expensive. The more money you pay, the more Data bundle you receive. Why not pay big and share it with friends and families instead of you allowing ISP to cheat you. e.g some men pay #5000 per month in Nigeria to get just 3gb of data, most times they only use 300mb before the plan expires and they have to resubscribe.
- A router saves power: It saves the battery lifespan of your mobile devices e.g game consoles or mobile phones. We all know that browsing with either 2g, 3g or 4g network of your mobile phone consumes more battery power than browsing on your phone through wifi connection
- Mobile (OTA) Software updates: some smatphones especially tablets, iPads, comes only with wifi network. This indicates that you can only access the internet on such devices, with the help of a wifi hotspot which a router readily provides. Furthermore, in other to update the software of most smartphones, you need only a wifi connection. Finally, to download most heavy games data, you need a wifi connection
- Advantages to your computer or decoders: A router grant the fastest and most stable connection ever to your decoder or computer. in fact before the advent of tlink hd 6000, all internet decoders could only use a cccam via a router either wired or wireless. You can also connect several computers together wirelessly with a router
- One-for -All Connection: Imagine a situation whereby you want to receive an important email or chat message on your phone, you want to watch satellite tv on your iks decoder, and you want to open a website on your computer. Hitherto, this would have spelt three different internet package or bundles, however with a standard router, you can perform all the task with one single connection.
- Miscellaneous; we have many more advantages like making all your kids happy at home cos they can all start browsing and stop browsing simultaneously.
DISADVANTAGES OF A ROUTER
- First setup requires a computer: If you really want to customize your router, you need a computer to to the first customization like assigning your name, your password, choosing your network mode e.t.c
- The second inconvenience is that you need to use your money to buy the router(Although router is not very expensive compared to its functions)
- The final demerits has to do with the African continent. Routers are not popular in Africa, Most people have to order for it, or buy a branded one. I personally ordered for mine
GENERAL FEATURE / SPECIFICATIONS OF ROUTERS
Standard routers e.g vodafone, tp-link, Azsky G3 has the following general features:
- Blazing 4G speeds and backward compatible with 3G modems
- 3G/4G and WAN failover guarantees an ‘always-online’ Internet connection
- Wireless N speed up to 300Mbps for a robust Wi-Fi network
- Supports PPPoE, Dynamic IP, Static IP, PPTP, L2TP Cable Internet Access
- Supports 64/128-bit WEP, WPA/WPA2 and WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK encryption
- Wireless security encryption easily at the push of the WPS button
- WDS wireless bridge provides seamless bridging to expand your wireless network
- IP based bandwidth control allows administrators to determine how much bandwidth is allotted to each PC
- Parental Control allows parents or administrators to establish restricted access policies for children or staff
- Azsky G3 can also be powered with any usb device; e.g your computer port, power bank port or decoder usb port
General Features of Mobile broadband Routers e.g; Hame, T1, M1 etc:
802.11 b/g/n, 802.3/802.3u supported, Wireless speed rate up to 150Mbps
※ Support smart mode, 3g router mode, AP mode, Repeater mode
※ Support DLNA protocol, free app for ios or android devices
※ Wireless Storage, share files from U disk wirelessly
※ Built in 6600mAh battery
※ Support most type of the 3G/4G(WCDMA / CDMA)& 4G LTE dongle
※ One 10/100M self-adaption Ethernet interface, both LAN/WAN compatible work
※ Support Local/Remote web manage with multi language
※ Easy server link setting through web manage
※ 5V DC Micro USB power adaptor universal work with all USB device power
TYPES OF ROUTERS
We have standalone routers e.g tp-link, vodafone, g3, t1 etc. and we have branded routers or routers locked to an Internet Service Provider e,g mtn Nigeria hynet, Etisalat mifi, zte routers locked to a network, swift 4g router, spectranet nigeria routers e.t.c. I am generally advicing you to buy a standalone router intead of a branded one. For full customization and unbelievable features, you need a branded router. For example, no network provider in Nigeria has yet manufactured a router with power bank capability. Another categorization of routers has to do with wifi routers and 3g / 4g mobile broadband routers. Standard wifi routers are volatile and stationary, they also doesn’t come with modern features like ability to charge a phone or ability to store data locally or remotely. they just do what they know how to do best which is routing. examples of these categories of routers are Azsky G3(however g3 is mobile because you can power it with a power bank or a computer), tp-link vodafone router..or any router that cannot work without electricity. The second groug which is of course 3G / 4G router(a.k.a mobile broadband router) are highly mobile, small in size, can work without electricity, can also charge phone, can also store your data… Examples are T1, M1, Hame(hame is the most portable of them all but it has the least battery charging capacity as well.hame cannot charge an android phone).
Types Of Routers By Models T1 Wifi + Power Bank +Wireless Storage Capabilities
2. M1 Wifi Router + Power Bank + 3G Dongle
3. TP-LINK 3G/4G Wireless N Router
4. Vodafone / Huawei Routers
5. Hame MiFi WiFi_A1 USB Broadband Hotspot + Power Bank
6 Azsky G3 Wif Router + Dongle
HOW TO SETUP A ROUTER FRO FIRST USE
To configure a router for first use, you can read up my article here
WHERE TO BUY A ROUTER?
You can buy a router from major electronic shops. especially from those who sell computer accessories.
For Big Companies or Offices, you can buy A TP-Link or Huawei / Vodafone routers(they come with five lan ports if not more just in case you prefer multiple wired networking). For small offices which requires heavy usage, you can but T1. For All personal usage, which requires mobility, i will recommend in the following order: T1>>M1>>Hame>>G3. T1 wifi router is the most features–ridden of them all with a whopping 6600mah battery capacity and cloud storage, M1 comes next with 3000mah battery while hame has 1800mah. I personally own a G3 and Hame, hame can only charge iPhone and iPads but it can’t charge an android phone. the standby time of hame is 4 hours while the iphone charging duration of hame is 1.5 hours to 2hours(meaning if your iphone is not fully charge within two hours, hame will die till you recharge hame. T1 Wifi+power bank on the other hand has 66000mah battery capacity and it has about 8hours standby time, it has about 5hours charge time and it can charge any phone including latest android phones. Hame comes handy where you want quick access to the internet, away from power source and Hame is the most beautiful of the lot. But personally, T1 rules. For companies, tp-link rules. For intermediate users, that is close to power source, G3 rules, for iphone user you may go for hame if you don’t mind the short standby period, For others, you can choose anyone